Warehouse Storage Types
In this blog we will discus about in warehouse management, different types of storage area are utilized to efficiently organize and manage inventory based on various factors such as size, weight, volume, accessibility, and handling requirements. Here are some common warehouse storage types.
Selective Pallet Racking
This is one of the most common storage types, where pallets are stored on horizontal beams in multiple levels it allows for direct access to each pallet, making it suitable for high-density storage of goods with varying SKUs and turnover rates.
Drive-in racking system allows forklifts to drive directly into the racking structure to retrieve or store pallets. This dense storage system is ideal for goods with low turnover rates or large quantities of the same SKU.
Push Back Racking
Push back racking system operates similarly to drive-in racking but use a system of nested carts on inclined rails. When a new pallet is loaded, it pushes the previously loaded pallet back one position. It offers higher selectivity than drive-in racking while still providing high density
Cantilever racking is designed to store long, bulky, or irregular shaped items such as lumber, pipes, or furniture. It consists of horizontal arms extending from vertical columns, providing easy access for loading, unloading.
Flow Racking (Gravity Flow Racking)
Flow racking systems use gravity rollers or conveyors to transport goods from the loading end to unloading end of the rack. This FIFO (First in first Out) system is ideal for high-volume, perishable goods with short shelf lives.
Carton Flow Racking
Carton flow racking system used inclined shelves with rollers or wheels to transport cartons or boxes from the loading end to the picking end of the rack. It’s suitable for order picking operations with high SKU counts and frequent order turn over.
Mezzanine flooring are intermediate levels constructed within the warehouse to provide additional storage space or work areas. They are ideal for warehouse with high ceilings looking to maximize vertical space utilization.
Vertical Lift Modules (VLMs)
VLMs are automated storage system consisting of vertically arranged trays or bins that are automatically retrieved and delivered to the operator. They offer high-density storage and improved picking efficiency for small parts or items.
Shelving units provide adjustable, accessible storage for small parts, components, or products that cannot be palletized. They are comm0nly used in picking areas, workstations, or for storing inventory with high turnover rates.
Bin Shelving Systems
Bin shelving systems consist of small bins or containers arranged on shelves to store small parts, tools, or hardware. They provide easy access and organization for small items used in assembly, manufacturing, or maintenance operations.
SAP WM/EWM Functional Consultant
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